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  1. #271

    Re: The Sports Doping Thread

    OCTOBER 11, 2019 / 6:31 PM / UPDATED 15 MINUTES AGO
    U.S. Olympic champion Dwyer gets 20-month doping ban

    (Reuters) - American double Olympic swimming champion Conor Dwyer will miss next year’s Tokyo Games after receiving a 20-month doping ban for having testosterone pellets inserted in his body.

    The U.S. Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) announced on Friday that an independent three-member panel of the American Arbitration Association (AAA) had determined the suspension.

    Dwyer, 30, tested positive for an anabolic agent in three out-of-competition urine samples last November and December, USADA said in a news release.

    “Following a full evidentiary hearing, the panel found that Dwyer had testosterone pellets inserted in his body in violation of the rules,” USADA said.

    USADA CEO Travis Tygart added: “As noted in the panel’s decision, USADA is independent of sport and here to help athletes ensure they compete clean and protect their health and well-being within the rules.

    “It’s frustrating that Mr Dwyer did not take advantage of this support and hopefully this case will convince others to do so in order to protect fair and healthy competition for all athletes.”

    Dwyer’s 20-month ban began on Dec. 21 last year, the date of his provisional suspension.

    He was part of the U.S. 4x200m freestyle teams that won gold at the 2012 and 2016 Olympics. He also claimed bronze in the individual 200 freestyle at Rio in 2016.

    Reporting by Andrew Both in Cary, North Carolina; Editing by Ken Ferris

    https://www.reuters.com/article/us-s...source=twitter
    There is more stupidity than hydrogen in the universe, and it has a longer shelf life.”

    ― Frank Zappa





  2. #272

    Re: The Sports Doping Thread


  3. #273

    Re: The Sports Doping Thread

    WADA Committee Recommends Russia Face New Olympic Ban

    A panel at the World Anti-Doping Agency has recommended that Russia face a four-year ban from global sports and new restrictions on its athletes and teams at next year’s Tokyo Olympics.

    By Tariq Panja
    Nov. 25, 2019, 1:41 p.m. ET

    A key World Anti-Doping Agency committee has recommended Russia face a four-year ban from global sports for violations of doping rules, a decision that could see Russian athletes and teams barred not only from next year’s Tokyo Olympics but from a series of other major competitions.

    Under the recommendations, Russian athletes would compete at a second straight Olympic Games in neutral uniforms and collect any medals they win without the raising of the nation’s flag or the playing of its anthem.

    The proposed punishments were included in a report produced by a WADA committee led by the British lawyer Jonathan Taylor. His panel has, for several years, been investigating Russian compliance with global antidoping rules after an earlier scandal; among the conclusions it reached was that Russia deliberately manipulated a database of test results turned over to WADA as part of the settlement of an earlier doping investigation to conceal failed drug tests by Russian athletes.

    A final ruling on the proposed punishments is expected on Dec. 9, when WADA’s board meets in Paris. It is expected to agree with the recommendations. Any decision by WADA would be subject to appeal at the Court of Arbitration for Sport.

    A WADA spokesman declined to comment on the report or its findings.

    The decision to bar Russia and impose restrictions on its athletes and teams is the latest chapter in a scandal that first emerged in 2015 with revelations of a sprawling state-sponsored doping program that was remarkable in its scale and sophistication.

    If WADA’s board, as expected, agrees with Taylor’s recommendations, Russian athletes will only be allowed to compete in Tokyo in similar fashion to the 2018 Winter Games in Pyeongchang, South Korea. At those Games, individual sports federations were allowed to clear specific participants, and the same standard may be applied next year, according to people with direct knowledge of the report’s contents. In Pyeongchang, Russians with clean doping records marched behind the Olympic flag and competed with the specially created designation Olympic Athlete From Russia.

    But the proposed penalties will affect Russian sports well beyond the Olympic Games. According to people who have seen the report, the recommendations call for Russia to be barred from all international competitions for four years by governing bodies who are signatories to the WADA code, a group that includes soccer’s governing body, FIFA, the organizer of the 2022 World Cup in Qatar. The report also calls for Russian government officials to be barred from attending sporting events and for the country to be barred from hosting — or even bidding for — sporting events for four years, meaning Russia’s exile as a host could stretch much further, according to people familiar with the matter. The officials declined to be identified because they were not authorized to speak publicly about the report’s contents.

    Still, the prospect of hundreds of Russian athletes in Tokyo — even if they have been cleared to compete — is likely to be criticized by some athletes groups and national doping agencies, who remain angry that the country has not been sufficiently held to account for running a huge doping program that called into question results at several Olympics and dozens of other competitions. But it would conform with the views of the International Olympic Committee’s president, Thomas Bach, who opposes anything resembling a blanket ban.

    “Our principle is that the guilty ones must be punished as hard as possible and the innocent ones must be protected,” Bach said last week.


    Under regulations adopted in 2018, WADA has complete authority to punish Russia, something that was not the case when the scandal first emerged after the Sochi Olympics. At the time, individual sports federations, including the I.O.C., were allowed to deal with Russia’s cheating on their own. The results were mixed, with several federations failing to act decisively and the I.O.C. welcoming Russia back into the fold almost immediately after the Pyeongchang Games, even though it had yet to be cleared by WADA.

    WADA finally reinstated Russia’s antidoping agency last year, though it reserved the right to revoke that clearance and issue stronger punishments if Russia did not provide athlete data from the Moscow laboratory at the heart of the cheating scandal. In September, WADA investigators discovered that the data submitted had been altered, and the organization told Russia that it needed to provide compelling justification for the changes or face grave punishment.

    Having judged Russia’s response to be inadequate, Taylor’s committee prepared a report, which was sent to WADA board members late last week.

    The severity of the punishment, which will almost certainly be appealed if WADA’s board adopts the Taylor committee recommendations, immediately created uncertainty for other major sporting events, including next summer’s European soccer championships, for which Russia, whose team has qualified, is providing one of the host cities.

    The penalties are in line with recent comments from Yuri Ganus, the head of Russia’s antidoping agency, who has been vocal in his criticism of Russia’s handling of the doping crisis and who predicted a multiyear ban.

    Ganus said that by deleting the data, Russian officials had created the “biggest crisis” yet for sports in the country, which remains under the shadow of the cheating program that was directed by its former antidoping head Grigory Rodchenkov, with support of the country’s intelligence services, according to an independent investigation. Rodchenkov now lives in the United States after he revealed the scheme he created and ran.

    It is unclear how many Russian athletes could be barred from competing if the new recommendations lead to a series of eligibility reviews. But WADA officials said they had identified the Russians whose data was missing from the manipulated database provided to the organization.


    https://www.nytimes.com/2019/11/25/s...740252ing-news
    There is more stupidity than hydrogen in the universe, and it has a longer shelf life.”

    ― Frank Zappa





  4. #274

    Re: The Sports Doping Thread

    Russian Doping Blurs Innocence and Guilt, With Olympics Caught in Middle
    The manipulation of a drug-testing database raised doubts about 145 Russian athletes suspected of cheating. But with their records altered, some may yet compete in next year’s Tokyo Games.

    By Tariq Panja
    Dec. 2, 2019
    Updated 4:56 p.m. ET

    For the second time in four years, sports leaders are facing the question of whether to ban Russia and its athletes from the Olympics and other major competitions. And this time, less than a year before the Tokyo Games, there are loud and important voices arguing that there is no choice but to impose the harshest possible punishment.

    The problem, those voices say, is not what antidoping officials know about Russia and its athletes. It is what they can never know.

    Russia’s deletion and manipulation of thousands of drug-testing records have cast the credibility of hundreds of Russian athletes into doubt and raised uncomfortable questions about the integrity of next summer’s Tokyo Olympics. Russia’s actions, part of an organized scheme laid out last month in an 88-page report produced by investigators from the World Anti-Doping Agency, have also made determining which athletes cheated — and which did not — a Sisyphean challenge.

    According to the investigators’ report, cases against at least 145 Russian athletes suspected of using performance-enhancing drugs have been “materially prejudiced” by deleted or altered data. Scores of drug cheats, then, can never be conclusively identified. Records set and races won can never be challenged. Medals illicitly secured can never be reclaimed. But the larger issue, antidoping officials around the world said, is that no one can be sure that athletes who gained an advantage through Russia’s program will not be present at next year’s Summer Games.

    “We are talking about years of evidence and investigations that have exposed hundreds of potentially positive results: How many athletes are actually going to be brought to justice?” said Beckie Scott, a Canadian Olympian who this year will end her term as chairwoman of WADA’s athlete committee.

    “I think for clean athletes,” she added, “it doesn’t instill a lot confidence the system is working on their behalf.”

    The system’s next chance will arrive soon. The World Anti-Doping Agency’s board will meet next Monday to decide whether to accept a suite of recommendations from its compliance committee, which, with the help of a team of investigators, documented Russian actions that included not only the manipulation of drug-testing data, but also an effort to fabricate computer messages to pin the blame on the whistle-blower who exposed the country’s huge, state-sponsored doping program.

    Russia is expected to appeal any penalty, even though its top antidoping official, Yuri Ganus, acknowledged in October that “thousands” of changes were made to the data to protect the reputations and positions of former star athletes who now have roles in government or who function as senior sports administrators in Russia.

    The suggested penalties include a ban for Russian teams from international sporting events, including the Olympics and soccer’s World Cup, but they stop short of a blanket ban against individual athletes. Athletes and national antidoping officials, though, say that is exactly what is needed.

    “The obvious intent by manipulating the data was to ensure doped athletes were able to escape sanction,” said Travis Tygart, the chief executive of the United States Anti-Doping Agency. “Now we can never know, and all are necessarily part of the cover-up, as sad as it may seem, if there are truly innocent ones. Those in power in Russia threw them all under the bus.”

    Last week, Tygart called explicitly for a ban on Russian athletes at the Tokyo Games, saying case-by-case reviews of Russian athletes like the ones that allowed Russians to compete as neutrals in the 2016 Rio Games proved to be “inadequate.” Michael Ask, the chief executive of Denmark’s antidoping agency and the chairman of iNADO, an umbrella group for international antidoping organizations, said he would like to see a blanket ban across all sports for Russian athletes, allowing for only rare exceptions.

    “I think we know by now, if we didn’t already know, that everything that has anything to do with that Moscow laboratory cannot be trusted,” Ask said. Only a draconian punishment, he and Tygart said, will protect clean athletes from other countries and force Russia to change its behavior. It is an opinion shared by Olympians like Scott, whose bronze medal in cross-country skiing at the 2002 Olympics was later upgraded to silver, and then to gold, after the Russians who finished ahead of her were disqualified for doping offenses.

    One problem is that the International Olympic Committee president, Thomas Bach, disagrees with a broad ban on Russian athletes. Throughout the years of investigations that followed the 2015 revelations of Russia’s extensive doping program, the I.O.C. has taken pains to emphasize that it has no influence over WADA’s decision-making, even though it provides half of the organization’s funding and its members also serve on the antidoping agency’s board. But its opposition to a blanket ban is not new; when WADA’s former president, Craig Reedie, called for such a ban on Russia before the 2016 Rio Games, the proposal was rejected by Bach, who then, as now, said a balance needed to be struck between “individual justice” and “collective punishment.”

    Two weeks ago, he repeated his opposition to a blanket ban on Russian athletes, even before the findings of the WADA committee were made public. To Bach, who won a team gold medal in fencing for Germany at the 1976 Montreal Olympics, punishing a generation of athletes for the sins of the past, or of individuals, would be inherently unfair. Only those associated with the yearslong state-backed doping program, he said, should face sporting excommunication.


    As the scandal has played out in public, Russia, despite years of embarrassing headlines, has largely remained present on the global sports scene. Hundreds of Russian athletes continue to compete in their national colors, and in 2018 the country staged the world’s most-watched sporting event, the FIFA World Cup.

    At the same time, it was continuing to balk at WADA’s request for access to data from the Moscow laboratory at the center of the doping scandal. For years, Russian antidoping officials and leaders at Russia’s sports ministry claimed the facility was off-limits to them, declared a crime scene by the Russian government and placed under the control of security services.

    Russia finally relented last year, as part of an agreement with WADA. In January, Russia allowed a WADA team to extract the data from the laboratory’s database. WADA’s investigators had hoped to compare the Moscow data with another athlete antidoping file from the laboratory — known as the LIMS database — that it received from a whistle-blower in 2017.

    What the investigators found, though, is that the data sets did not match; hundreds of tests had been altered or deleted by Russia, they said, before the information was turned over to WADA.

    “What is already certain is that the alterations and deletions of the Moscow Data make it impossible to conclude definitively that any of the athletes included in the LIMS database do not have a case to answer for breach of the antidoping rules, which is just as unwelcome an outcome for the clean athletes among them,” the author of the WADA report, the British lawyer Jonathan Taylor, wrote to WADA’s board members last month.

    At a meeting of the WADA board two months earlier, Taylor had underlined that point, saying the unreliability of the Russian data made it impossible to “properly clear” innocent athletes.

    An I.O.C. spokesman said this week that it would be WADA’s responsibility to implement any penalties should it accept the recommendations set out by Taylor’s committee. But first it needs to know where to look.

    When WADA’s investigators uncovered crude efforts to frame the Russian whistle-blower, Grigory Rodchenkov, and other former officials, they also discovered a plot to hide incriminating evidence against Evgeny Kudryavtsev, the official who had been responsible for ensuring that the biological samples of Russian athletes competing overseas were clean.

    Kudryavtsev had served as a witness in the successful appeals of 28 Russian athletes who competed at the 2018 Winter Olympics.

    Those cases, antidoping officials said, now may need to be reviewed.

    “If the evidence in court turns out not to be valid, of course the case needs to be heard again,” said Ask, the antidoping chief in Denmark. “That would be the same standard in any normal society: If the evidence has changed, the case should be heard again.”

    https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/02/s...core-ios-share
    There is more stupidity than hydrogen in the universe, and it has a longer shelf life.”

    ― Frank Zappa





  5. #275

    Re: The Sports Doping Thread

    Re: Thomas Bach's opinion on the banning of all Russian athletes: I understand the concept that there are some (probably only a few) Russian Olympic athletes who truly have never cheated from the pharmacological standpoint. And yes, those few will suffer in a broad-based ban. But my experience in skating taught me that international sports organizations, while saying they are trying to be fair, have come up with punishments that were not nearly sufficient to get the attention of the Russian federations, and, since they are so involved in all this, the Russian government. I say, ban them all for a couple of Olympics and then see if anyone gets the message. It may take something almost that drastic. The clean athletes who are cheated need to blame their own government and sports federations, NOT the international officials.

    GH

  6. #276

    Re: The Sports Doping Thread

    Quote Originally Posted by GlennHarman View Post
    Re: Thomas Bach's opinion on the banning of all Russian athletes: I understand the concept that there are some (probably only a few) Russian Olympic athletes who truly have never cheated from the pharmacological standpoint. And yes, those few will suffer in a broad-based ban. But my experience in skating taught me that international sports organizations, while saying they are trying to be fair, have come up with punishments that were not nearly sufficient to get the attention of the Russian federations, and, since they are so involved in all this, the Russian government. I say, ban them all for a couple of Olympics and then see if anyone gets the message. It may take something almost that drastic. The clean athletes who are cheated need to blame their own government and sports federations, NOT the international officials.

    GH
    I totally agree. That should've been done years ago. Ban them all and see what happens.
    There is more stupidity than hydrogen in the universe, and it has a longer shelf life.”

    ― Frank Zappa





  7. #277

    Re: The Sports Doping Thread

    Dan Roan @danroan

    Exclusive: The majority of WADA’s influential Athlete Committee have jointly called for a blanket ban of Russian participation at the Olympics & Paralympics when the watchdog’s executive committee meets in Lausanne tomorrow
    https://www.bbc.com/sport/olympics/50704129

    Greta Neimanas
    @gretaneimanas
    I am one of the 9 members of the WADA AC to support a full ban. The RUS government has betrayed their own athletes with constant cheating and deception. For the next generation to have a chance at a healthy and safe future, meaningful change must occur.
    Dan Roan
    @danroan
    The 9 members of the committee who are supporting the joint statement

    There is more stupidity than hydrogen in the universe, and it has a longer shelf life.”

    ― Frank Zappa





  8. #278

    Re: The Sports Doping Thread

    Russia banned from 2020 Tokyo Olympics

    By
    Rick Maese
    Dec. 9, 2019 at 11:43 a.m. EST

    The World Anti-Doping Agency executive committee handed down the most severe punishment to date in the years-long Russian doping saga, issuing a four-year ban that will bar Russia from competing at the next two Olympic Games.

    The decision, barring a successful court challenge, means Russia will have no formal presence at next year’s Summer Games or the 2022 Winter Games in Beijing and will be barred from most major international competition through 2023, which likely includes FIFA’s World Cup, the Youth Olympic Games, Paralympics, world championships and other major sporting events subject to World Anti-Doping Code.

    Similar to the 2018 Winter Olympics in PyeongChang, Russians who have not been implicated in the country’s state-sponsored doping scheme will be allowed to compete in Tokyo as unaffiliated athletes. In PyeongChang, 168 Russians competed as “Olympic Athletes from Russia.”

    After being banned from the 2018 Games, the country and its Russian Anti-Doping Agency were conditionally reinstated in September 2018, but Russian officials were caught earlier this year manipulating data from its Moscow anti-doping laboratory and misleading WADA investigators, prompting a new chapter in a doping scheme that continues to roil the international sports community.

    WADA’s executive committee met Monday in Lausanne, Switzerland, where it considered recommendations from WADA’s Compliance Review Committee. The committee voted unanimously to give the Rusada formal notice of its noncompliance with the World Anti-Doping Code.


    “For too long, Russian doping has detracted from clean sport,” WADA president Craig Reedie said in a statement. “The blatant breach by the Russian authorities of Rusada’s reinstatement conditions, approved by the [executive committee] in September 2018, demanded a robust response. That is exactly what has been delivered today.”

    Russia now has 21 days to respond. It can protest the matter to the Court of Arbitration for Sport, which would have final say. Svetlana Zhurova, a former Olympic speedskater who is now a deputy in Russian parliament’s lower house, said Rusada’s board would meet on Dec. 19 and decide whether to accept the latest sanctions, according to Tass.

    “I am 100 percent sure [Russia will go to court] because we must defend our athletes,” she said.

    Russian Olympic officials had been bracing themselves for Monday’s decision. Yuri Ganus, the head of the Rusada, has called for replacing officials in the Russian sports world still relying on old methods to remain competitive.

    “It is critically important to change approaches,” Ganus told reporters in Moscow on Monday. “They are applying unacceptable, old-school approaches, and the people who promote these approaches must be replaced.”

    The IOC said in a statement Monday it was still evaluating WADA’s sanctions but called Russia’s actions “an attack on the credibility of sport itself and is an insult to the sporting movement worldwide.”

    “The IOC emphasises that any sanctions should follow the rules of natural justice and respect human rights,” the organization said. “Therefore, the IOC stresses that the guilty should be punished in the toughest way possible because of the seriousness of this infringement and thus welcomes the sanctions for the Russian authorities responsible.”


    The IOC has been steadfast in its support of allowing Russian athletes “where they are able to demonstrate that they are not implicated in any way by the noncompliance” to compete, but not everyone agrees. Many have called on a more comprehensive measure that would prevent any Russians from competing and go further to safeguard international sport.

    On Sunday, nine of the 17 members of WADA’s athlete committee sent a letter to the executive board, urging for a complete ban. “We maintain that the fraud, manipulation and deception revealed to date will only be encouraged and perpetuated with a lesser response,” they wrote.

    Linda Hofstad Helleland, WADA’s vice president, voted to approve the Compliance Review Committee’s recommendations Monday but said an even tougher penalty was warranted.

    “A blanket ban can make the Russian leadership realize the seriousness of the mess they have created — for themselves, and for their athletes,” the Norwegian lawmaker told the executive committee, according to her prepared remarks. “ … Unless we impose sanctions that really wake Russian leaders up, hold them accountable and make them acknowledge facts — how can we be sure that the system will change?”

    Travis Tygart, the chief executive of the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency, says Russia has failed to heed previous warnings and called Monday’s decision “yet another devastating blow to clean athletes, the integrity of sport and the rule of law.”

    “WADA promised the world back in 2018 that if Russia failed yet again to live up to its agreements, it would use the toughest sanction under the rules. Yet, here we go again,” he said. “WADA says one thing and does something entirely different. There is no disputing that Russia has committed the most intentional, deep and broad level of corruption on the entire sports world that has put money over morals, abuse over health and corruption over the Olympic values and all athlete’s dreams.”


    World anti-doping officials have been hesitant to embrace any measures that might unwittingly ensnare innocent athletes. Russian athletes who hope to compete in Tokyo and other major events will have to prove that they have no history of doping and their test results have never been tampered with by Russia’s anti-doping officials.

    The recent data manipulation is the latest act by Russian officials to flout anti-doping rules and international norms. As part of its 2018 reinstatement, Russia was required to turn over data from its Moscow laboratory. WADA investigators received that data in January but noticed it didn’t align with information that was shared by a whistleblower in October 2017.

    The Compliance Review Committee ruled last month that the “Moscow data are neither complete nor fully authentic,” and there were “hundreds of presumptive adverse analytical findings” shared by the whistleblower that weren’t included in Russia’s 2019 submission. The investigators determined that 145 cases had been tampered with and found “the related underlying raw data and PDF files have been deleted or altered” after Rusada had been reinstated and ordered to turn over the data.

    Furthermore, the investigators found that someone attempted to implicate whistleblower Grigory Rodchenkov, the former director of the Moscow lab, by planting fabricated evidence in the data that he was involved in a scheme to extort moneyrussian from athletes.

    “Finally, fraud, lies and falsifications of unspeakable proportions have been punished in full swing,” Rodchenkov said in a statement Monday. “ … Russia’s falsifications and cheating continued in 2019 even when Russia was under scrutiny. As usual, Russia has disregarded all of its promises and obligations to clean sport.”


    Russia is traditionally a regular visitor to the medals podium at the Olympics. At the 2016 Summer Games in Rio de Janeiro, the country’s track and field athletes were barred from competing because of doping concerns, but they still sent 282 athletes and brought home 56 medals, the fourth-most of any nation. At the 2012 Games, the Russian contingent included 436 athletes, the third-largest Olympic team in London, and won 68 medals.

    While the Russians who were allowed to compete in PyeongChang were recognized as “Olympic Athletes from Russia,” those in Tokyo will apparently be designated differently.

    “They are neutral athletes, which means not representative of any country, not representatives of Russia,” said Jonathan Taylor, chair of WADA’s Compliance Review Committee.

    In addition to the ban on international competition, the committee also recommended that Russian officials be barred from sitting on boards and committees related to international sports governance. Russia also will not be permitted to host any major sporting event or even apply for hosting duties, and the Russian flag would not be allowed to fly at any major event.

    Natalia Abbakumova contributed from Moscow.


    https://www.washingtonpost.com/sport...okyo-olympics/
    There is more stupidity than hydrogen in the universe, and it has a longer shelf life.”

    ― Frank Zappa





  9. #279

    Re: The Sports Doping Thread



    CRC Recommendation

    The 26-page CRC recommendation outlines the key facts, which are mainly derived from the reports of WADA I&I and the forensic experts. These reports conclude that the Moscow data was intentionally altered prior to and while it was being forensically copied by WADA in January 2019.

    To this end, the RUSADA reinstatement conditions, which were agreed by the WADA ExCo in September 2018 were not fulfilled in that the Moscow data are neither complete nor authentic. Jonathan Taylor reminded ExCo members that, in September 2018, the ExCo had deemed the requirement to provide an authentic copy to be a ‘Critical’ condition of the decision to reinstate RUSADA to the list of Code-compliant Signatories. It was deemed ‘Critical’ because:

    it would enable the anti-doping community finally to resolve and draw a line under the allegations of a
    systematic conspiracy to dope Russian athletes;

    it would ensure that any Russian athletes who had tested positive could be punished; and
    just as importantly it would ensure that innocent Russian athletes could be cleared of suspicion.

    The WADA I&I report was based in particular on a forensic review of inconsistencies found in some of the data that were obtained by WADA from the Moscow Laboratory in January 2019. Following WADA’s decision on 17 September 2019 to open a formal compliance procedure against RUSADA, this review also included consideration of responses from the Russian authorities to a list of detailed and technical questions raised by WADA I&I and the independent forensic experts.

    Based on the reports, it was clear to the ExCo that the Moscow data were neither complete nor fully authentic. As comprehensively outlined in the reports, some data were removed, others altered and, in some cases, system messages were fabricated in an effort to hamper the work of WADA investigators. In addition, measures were taken to conceal these manipulations by back-dating of computer systems and data files in an attempt to make it appear that the Moscow data had been in their current state since 2015.

    Having considered all the facts and the recommendation – including the consequences and the reinstatement conditions – the ExCo endorsed the entirety of the CRC recommendation. WADA will now send a formal notice to RUSADA, asserting non-compliance with the requirement to provide an authentic copy of the Moscow data, and proposing the following consequences, to come into effect on the date on which the decision that RUSADA is non-compliant becomes final and to remain in effect until the fourth anniversary of that date (‘the Four-Year Period’):

    Series of Consequences

    Russian Government officials/representatives may not be appointed to sit and may not sit as members of the boards or committees or any other bodies of any Code Signatory (or its members) or association of Signatories.

    Russian Government officials/representatives may not participate in or attend any of the following events held in the Four-Year Period: (a) the Youth Olympic Games (summer and winter); (b) the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games (summer and winter); (c) any other event organized by a Major Event Organisation; and (d) any World Championships organized or sanctioned by any Signatory (together, the Major Events).

    Russia may not host in the Four-Year Period or bid for or be granted in the Four-Year Period, the right to host (whether during or after the Four-Year Period) any editions of the Major Events.

    Where the right to host a Major Event in the Four-Year Period has already been awarded to Russia, the Signatory must withdraw that right and re-assign the event to another country, unless it is legally or practically impossible to do so. In addition, Russia may not bid for the right to host the 2032 Olympic and Paralympic Games, irrespective of whether the bidding takes place during or after the Four-Year Period.

    Russia’s flag may not be flown at any Major Event staged in the Four-Year Period.

    Neither the President, the Secretary-General, the CEO, nor any member of the Executive Board/Governing Board of either the Russian Olympic Committee or the Russian Paralympic Committee may participate in or attend any Major Event staged in the Four-Year Period.

    Russian athletes and their support personnel may only participate in Major Events staged in the Four-Year Period where they are able to demonstrate that they are not implicated in any way by the non-compliance with conditions including (without limitation) that they are not mentioned in incriminating circumstances in the McLaren reports, there are no positive findings reported for them in the database and no data relating to their samples has been manipulated, and that they have been subject to adequate in-competition and out-of-competition testing prior to the event in question according to WADA, in accordance with strict conditions to be defined by WADA (or the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS), if it sees fit), pursuant to the mechanism foreseen in ISCCS Article 11.2.6. In this circumstance, they may not represent the Russian Federation.

    Given the aggravating factors that are present in this case, RUSADA must pay all WADA’s costs on this file incurred since January 2019 and, in addition, a fine to WADA of 10% of its 2019 income or USD 100,000 (whichever is lower). This is the maximum fine available under the rules and all monies must be paid before the end of the Four-Year Period.

    CRC Chair, Jonathan Taylor QC, said: “Today, the ExCo has delivered a strong and unequivocal decision. While being tough on the authorities, this recommendation avoids punishing the innocent and instead stands up for the rights of clean athletes everywhere. If an athlete from Russia can prove that they were not involved in the institutionalized doping program, that their data were not part of the manipulation, that they were subject to adequate testing prior to the event in question, and that they fulfil any other strict conditions to be determined, they will be allowed to compete.

    “WADA now has the names of all suspicious athletes in the LIMS database, and thanks to the painstakingly forensic nature of the investigation, this includes the athletes whose data was manipulated or even deleted, including the 145 athletes within WADA’s target group of most suspicious athletes but also others beyond that target group.

    While I understand the calls for a blanket ban on all Russian athletes whether or not they are implicated by the data, it was the unanimous view of the CRC, which includes an athlete, that in this case, those who could prove their innocence should not be punished, and I am pleased that the WADA ExCo agreed with this.”

    WADA Director General Olivier Niggli said: “The fundamental objective of the new Compliance Standard is to maintain the confidence of stakeholders in the commitment of WADA and its partners to do what is necessary to defend the integrity of sport against the scourge of doping. The September 2018 decision to reinstate RUSADA under strict conditions broke a long-standing impasse by allowing WADA to deal with this matter under the strong legal framework of the new Compliance Standard. Since then, WADA I&I acquired the Moscow data and samples, more than 40 cases unaffected by the data manipulation and 14 cases from re-analysis of the samples have been shared respectively with International Federations and RUSADA for action – with more cases to come – and the sanctions endorsed by the ExCo today for manipulation of some of the data are strong and meaningful in a manner that could not have been achieved under the old rules.”

    RUSADA’s Operations

    As it relates to RUSADA, the ExCo concurred with the CRC’s view that “the evidence (including from WADA's recent audits of RUSADA's operations) indicates that RUSADA’s work is effective in contributing to the fight against doping in Russian sport, and that it is working productively in cooperation with other Anti-Doping Organizations, including in investigations within Russia”. Therefore, the ExCo accepted the recommendation not to impose any special monitoring or supervision or takeover of RUSADA's anti-doping activities in the Four-Year Period.”

    However, one of the conditions of reinstatement will be that WADA remains satisfied throughout the Four-Year Period that RUSADA’s independence is being respected and there is no improper outside interference with its operations.

    Next Steps

    As WADA communicated on 5 December, RUSADA will now have 21 days to accept the above-referenced notice.

    If RUSADA disputes WADA’s allegation, the matter will be referred to CAS (ISCCS Art. 10.4.1). Under the ISCCS, “If the Signatory wishes to dispute the asserted non-compliance and/or the proposed Signatory Consequences and/or the proposed Reinstatement conditions, then (in accordance with Article 23.5.6 of the Code) it must notify WADA in writing within twenty-one days of its receipt of the notice from WADA. WADA shall then file a formal notice of dispute with CAS, and the dispute will be resolved by the CAS Ordinary Arbitration Division.” Further to Article 23.5.9 of the Code, any CAS decision in relation to the non-compliance, the proposed consequences and/or the proposed reinstatement conditions will be binding and must be recognized and enforced by all Signatories.

    If RUSADA does not dispute WADA’s allegation, the consequences of non-compliance and the reinstatement conditions proposed by WADA will become a final decision, and any party that would have had a right under Code Article 23.5.7 to intervene in the CAS proceedings that would have taken place if RUSADA had disputed any aspect of WADA’s notice, has the right to appeal WADA’s decision to the CAS Appeals Arbitration Division within 21 days of the publication of RUSADA’s decision by WADA (ISCCS Art. 10.3.2). If no party appeals during these 21 days, the final decision must be recognized and enforced by all Code Signatories. If there is an appeal, the eventual CAS decision is binding on and must be recognized and enforced by all Code Signatories.

    Meanwhile, WADA will liaise with Code Signatories and other stakeholders who may be affected by this decision, in order to clarify the next steps while bearing in mind that the case may still be appealed to CAS. To be clear, given the timing of this recommendation, it will not apply to next month’s Youth Olympic Games in Lausanne.
    There is more stupidity than hydrogen in the universe, and it has a longer shelf life.”

    ― Frank Zappa





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