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  1. #46

    Re: The Sports Doping Thread

    Major boost for CAS after Pechstein's claim for damages rejected by German Federal Court
    By Nick Butler at the Sheraton Dubrovnik Riviera Hotel

    Claudia Pechstein pictured after leaving the Court in Karlsruhe today ©Getty Images

    Sport's legal right to govern itself has received a major boost today after the German Federal Court ruled against Claudia Pechstein's claim for damages from the International Skating Union (ISU) for loss of earnings during a doping ban.

    Pechstein had been challenging the arbitration of the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS), and, if successful, this would have ended the body's status as the effective "Supreme Court" of the sports world.

    The German, a five-time Olympic speed skating champion and medallist at every Winter Games between Albertville 1992 and Turin 2006, was banned for two years by the ISU in 2009 due to irregular blood results.

    The 44-year-old, the most successful Olympic speed skater of all-time, never failed a drugs test and put the readings in her biological passport down to an inherited condition from her father.

    After being forced to miss Vancouver 2010 following an unsuccessful appeal to Lausanne-based CAS, she returned to compete at a sixth Games at Sochi 2014.

    But she continued to protest her innocence and made the unprecedented step of taking her case to the German Civil Court.

    Pechstein claimed that she was forced to give up her legal rights by signing an agreement that made CAS the sole court of arbitration, insisting also that the independence of the body was influenced by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and other sporting organisations.

    Athletes "don’t have a chance at a fair trial", she claimed, due to this influence.

    The skater was controversially given permission last year to press ahead with a lawsuit demanding €4.4 million (£3.19 million/$4.74 million) in damages for lost earnings in the period of her suspension following a decision by the Appeals Court of Munich in January 2015.

    But the Bundesgerichtshof Federal Court, Germany's highest civil legal body, has now overturned this decision.

    "The plaintiff signed the arbitration agreement [with CAS] of her own free will," their verdict today said.

    "The fact that she was required by others to do so, or else she wouldn't have been able to compete, doesn't invalidate the agreement."

    They added that CAS was a "real" arbitration tribunal that benefits both federations and athletes through "uniform standards and speedy decisions".

    Pechstein left the courtroom in Karlsruhe visibly distressed but without making a comment.

    The ISU is no longer required to pay her damages.

    However, her lawyer Thomas Summere claimed the case is not completely over and that they now intend to appeal to the Constitutional Courts.

    "We are deeply disappointed - it wasn't the last word," he said.

    But, even if the door is not completely closed, the verdict will come as a huge relief to CAS, a body which has been accepted as the Supreme Court of world sport ever since it was set-up in 1984.

    If the Civil Court had supported Pechstein, it would have effectively ended the autonomy of CAS and set a precedent for athletes to take-up cases with civil authorities rather than sporting ones.

    "If we win it is clear that athletes will no longer be forced to submit to the CAS, as long as CAS is based as it is," Summerer had said before the verdict.

    It was thus ruled as one of the most significant sporting legal cases since the 1995 Bosman ruling in the European Court of Justice judgment that changed football transfer rules and is now credited with helping players - and agents - earn far greater profits from transfer.

    Today's decision comes at a time where sports bodies are facing greater challenges to their autonomy due to recent doping and corruption scandals.

    CAS - whose head is IOC vice-president and Australian Olympic Committee boss John Coates - is also playing an increasingly important role in preciding over doping cases at August's Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro.

    The news will also overshadow the second day of the ISU Congress here where a new President is due to be elected to replace Italy's Ottavio Cinquanta after 22 years at the helm.
    "Even if you dance for your enemy on the rock, he will accuse you of splashing water on him." ~ African Proverb

  2. #47

    Re: The Sports Doping Thread

    I just found out CAS posts a list of pending hearings on its web site.
    "Even if you dance for your enemy on the rock, he will accuse you of splashing water on him." ~ African Proverb

  3. #48

    Re: The Sports Doping Thread

    Mark Nixon ‏@markalannixon 4h4 hours ago
    Bupropion, caffeine, nicotine, phenylephrine, phenylpropanolamine, pipradol and synephrine on the 2016 WADA watch list.

    Vasoconstrictor and decongestant
    It can treat stuffy nose, sinus problems, and hemorrhoids. When applied to the eye, it can treat uveitis and wide-angle glaucoma. It can also dilate the pupil of the eye.

    Brands: Sudafed, Neo-Synephrine, SudoGest, Wal-Phed, Suphedrine, Mydfrin, and Vazculep

    Antidepressant and smoking cessation aid
    It can treat depression and help people quit smoking. It can also prevent depression caused by seasonal affective disorder (SAD).

    Brands: Wellbutrin, Buproban, Aplenzin, Budeprion, and Zyban

    Phenylpropanolamine, also known as the stereoisomers-norephedrine and norpseudoephedrine, is a psychoactive drug of the phenethylamine and amphetamine chemical classes which is used as a stimulant, decongestant, and anorectic agent.
    CAS ID: 14838-15-4
    Drug class: Decongestant
    Other drugs in same class: Ephedrine, Pseudoephedrine, Phenylephrine, Pseudoephedrine/loratadine

    Pipradrol is a mild central nervous system stimulant that is no longer widely used in most countries due to concerns about its abuse potential. Pipradrol is still used in some European countries, and even rarely in the United States.

    via Wiki:

    Pharmaceutical use[edit]
    As a synthetic drug, synephrine first appeared in Europe in the late 1920s, under the name of Sympatol. One of the earliest papers describing its pharmacological and toxicological properties was written by Lasch, who obtained it from the Viennese company Syngala.[36] By 1930, Sympatol was referred to as a Boehringer product,[37] while one of the first US Patents describing its preparation and use was assigned to Frederick Stearns & Co. in 1933.[38] Despite the date of this patent, clinical and pharmacological research on synephrine obtained from Frederick Stearns & Co was being carried out in the US by 1930.[39][40] Writing in 1931, Hartung reported that in 1930 the Council on Pharmacy and Chemistry of the American Medical Association had accepted synephrine for inclusion in its list of “New and Non-Official Remedies” as an agent for the treatment, by either oral or parenteral administration, "of attacks of hay fever, asthma, coughing, spasms of asthma and pertussis (whooping cough)."[41][42] However, synephrine was dropped from the Council's list in 1934, and its apparent re-advertising as a new drug by the Stearns company ten years later elicited a scathing comment from the Editors of the Journal of the American Medical Association.[43] The third edition (1965) of Drill's Pharmacology in Medicine stated, with reservations, that synephrine was "advertised as an antihistaminic to be used in the treatment of the common cold...", under the trade name of "Synephrin Tartrate", and indicated that the dose was 100 mg, given intramuscularly, or subcutaneously.[44] Published in 1966, the Textbook of Organic Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Chemistry described synephrine (in the form of its racemic tartrate) as a sympathomimetic agent that was "less effective than epinephrine", and which had been used for the treatment of chronic hypotension, collapse due to shock, and other conditions leading to hypotension.[45] In a later (1972) textbook, synephrine was described as a drug, sold in Europe, that was administered in situations involving shock, such as surgical or bacteremic shock, and spinal anesthesia-related shock. The recommended dose was given here as 25–50 mg, by intravenous, intramuscular or subcutaneous administration.[46]
    One current reference source describes synephrine as a vasoconstrictor that has been given to hypotensive patients, orally or by injection, in doses of 20 – 100 mg
    "Even if you dance for your enemy on the rock, he will accuse you of splashing water on him." ~ African Proverb

  4. #49

    Re: The Sports Doping Thread

    Wait I found all of that out without going to the Caribbean and lazing by a pool...
    "Even if you dance for your enemy on the rock, he will accuse you of splashing water on him." ~ African Proverb

  5. #50

    Re: The Sports Doping Thread

    Pretty soon they will add coke to the list. And Pepsi.
    Starry starry night

  6. #51

    Re: The Sports Doping Thread

    Quote Originally Posted by ponchi101 View Post
    Pretty soon they will add coke to the list. And Pepsi.
    When I saw caffeine on the list those beverages were the first things to cross my mind. There's been a rash of younger players drinking one or the other on changeovers this year.
    "Even if you dance for your enemy on the rock, he will accuse you of splashing water on him." ~ African Proverb

  7. #52

    Re: The Sports Doping Thread

    I think we should be really careful not to make all this into a farce. I bet many players drink a cup of coffee in the morning just like regular people...
    Roger forever

  8. #53

    Re: The Sports Doping Thread

    Quote Originally Posted by suliso View Post
    I think we should be really careful not to make all this into a farce. I bet many players drink a cup of coffee in the morning just like regular people...
    We're not joking. A cup of coffee in the morning is one thing. There are concoctions that contain the equivalent of 8 cups of coffee in a single dose.

    Here's a list.
    "Even if you dance for your enemy on the rock, he will accuse you of splashing water on him." ~ African Proverb

  9. #54

    Re: The Sports Doping Thread

    Senior Russian Olympics official opened offshore account before doping inquiry
    Viacheslav Aminov opened Monaco account months before joining committee dealing with doping, Panama Papers reveal
    Luke Harding
    Friday 10 June 2016 11.32 E

    The vice-president of Russia’s Olympic Committee set up a secret offshore company and opened a bank account in Monaco months before he was drafted in to deal with the series of doping allegations that have rocked Russian sport, the Panama Papers reveal.

    Viacheslav Aminov was appointed in November to a new committee whose aim was to repair the damage done to Russia by recent doping scandals, and win back the trust of the international community.

    Aminov got the job in the wake of a devastating report by the World Anti-Doping Agency (Wada), which found that Russia had a “deeply rooted culture of cheating” and had effectively “sabotaged” the 2012 London Olympics.

    Wada recommended a full ban on Russia from international competitions. The International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) will decide next Friday, 17 June, whether to ban all Russian athletes from this summer’s Olympic Games in Rio, a move Moscow is desperate to avoid.

    But these disclosures will raise new questions about whether Aminov was a sensible appointment, why he chose to open an offshore account at that time, and whether he should have been allowed to do it in the first place.

    While there is no suggestion he has done anything wrong, Aminov has been a controversial figure.

    An oligarch with strong Kremlin connections, he was arrested in 2000 after allegedly trying to bribe the FSB’s then boss, Nikolai Patrushev. He offered him $50,000 in return for a top interior ministry post, Russian newspapers reported. Aminov was convicted and given a suspended one-and-a-half-year sentence.

    Aminov is the president of Russia’s Modern Pentathlon Federation. He is also a vice-president of the International Modern Pentathlon Union, based in Monte Carlo and the tax haven of Monaco. He has held these posts since 2009 and 2011 respectively. Wada says Russian doping was rife during this period.

    The Guardian has discovered Aminov approached Mossack Fonseca, the law firm at the centre of the Panama Papers scandal. He wanted to set up an offshore company in the British Virgin Islands. Its purpose, according to leaked emails, was “holding a bank account in Monaco”.

    Mossack Fonseca duly set up a company for Aminov called Tabera Global Ltd. It provided nominee or “sham” directors. But the law firm’s Geneva branch discovered Aminov was a politically exposed person, or PEP, because of his role as “vice-president of Russia’s Olympic Federation”.

    It told Aminov’s lawyers in Monaco it needed more information. While it is not illegal for PEPs to hold offshore companies, they are subjected to extra checks.

    Aminov came back with a copy of his Russian passport and a utilities bill from his home in Moscow.

    He also got HSBC private bank in Geneva to write him a reference.

    In 2015 the bank was fined £28m by Swiss regulators for “organisational deficiencies” which facilitated money laundering and tax evasion.

    The HSBC letter described Aminov as a valued customer since 2008 and a person “of good standing”. In February 2015 he got a second reference from LGT bank in Zurich, after moving his account there from HSBC.

    Still, Mossack Fonseca wanted to know more about the origin of the money – described as “business profits” – going into Aminov’s new offshore structure. It also asked for a letter of indemnity, meaning it would be compensated in the event of legal action.

    The firm carried out further checks and found an article on, a website that curates scurrilous biographies of Russian public figures. It described Aminov as a “lobbyist and shadow entrepreneur” and cited his 2001 attempted bribery conviction by Russia’s supreme court.

    Mossack Fonseca marked this paragraph with a yellow highlighter.

    Aminov responded indignantly. His aides in Moscow sent an angry email: “With all due respect that I attached to your company and its reputation, I sincerely hope that you are not taking seriously in consideration such a website!

    “This person is the president of the international pentathlon organisation & don’t you think that you should give him more credit than the information you found on a website where not even the administration are disclose [sic] ... Therefore, we ask you to provide trustful sources from official administration.”

    The message appeared to work. In late October 2015, Mossack Fonseca emailed Aminov to say everything was OK.

    Two weeks later the Russian Olympic Committee announced that Aminov had been appointed to the new coordination committee for the “re-entrance” of Russian athletics into the IAAF.

    Other members include the committee chair, Gennady Aleshin; the Olympic synchronised swimmer Olga Brusnikina; and the chief of Russia’s badminton federation, Sergei Shahray.

    Last year Russia’s sports minister, Vitaly Mutko, described the doping allegations as “a political hit job”. On Wednesday, Mutko faced fresh claims from Germany’s ARD channel which broke the original doping story.

    It said that in 2014 Mutko covered up a positive doping test by a Russian premier league footballer. Additionally, Russian coaches who had been banned for life for their role in doping were still secretly taking part in training sessions, it added, screening undercover footage.

    Mutko has previously denied wrongdoing and said Moscow had “worked consistently over the past five or six years” to tackle the problem of doping.

    Latterly, the Kremlin has been on a charm offensive. Ahead of the IAAF’s verdict next Friday it has hired the western PR firm Burson Marsteller and acknowledged that serious mistakes have been made.

    The Wada report recommended that Mariya Savinova (L), who won 800m gold at London 2012, and Ekaterina Poistogova, who finished third, be banned for life along with three other Russian athletes. Photograph: Franck Fife/AFP/Getty Images

    Aminov’s brother Vadim also features in the Panama Papers in connection with a web of offshore firms. The brothers jointly hold shares in another BVI company, Egner Enterprises SA, managed by lawyers in Lausanne.

    In 2014 Russian Forbes put their fortunes at $750m and $700m respectively. The brothers own a private freight operator, NefteTransService, that works closely with Russian railways.

    Aminov did not reply to emails seeking comment.

    President Vladimir Putin has spoken repeatedly about the need for “de-offshoreisation” and has urged patriotic Russians to bring their money home from abroad. Many of his inner circle, however, pop up in the Panama Papers. They include his best friend, Sergei Roldugin, a humble cellist, who is linked to $2bn worth of money flows offshore from Russian state banks.

    The Papers also show the close connection in Russia between sport, politics and cash. Last week it emerged that the rights to world chess were sold to a Russian multi-millionaire and model agency owner, David Kaplan, who registered the company in the name of his Israeli-based nephew.

    Aminov leads a typical oligarchic lifestyle. He owns a luxury flat in Moscow, a house in Cannes, and recently divorced from Olga, his wife of 30 years. His two daughters, Masha and Liza, feature in Russian Tatler and are frequent visitors to London.

    In the 1990s Aminov was close to the oligarch Boris Berezovsky and to Boris Yeltsin’s chief of staff, Alexander Voloshin. He also knew Alexander Litvinenko, the FSB officer who was murdered in 2006 with a radioactive cup of tea in a hit “probably approved” by Putin.
    "Even if you dance for your enemy on the rock, he will accuse you of splashing water on him." ~ African Proverb

  10. #55

    Re: The Sports Doping Thread

    Have any players ever listed caffeine on their list of taken substances?

  11. #56

    Re: The Sports Doping Thread

    Here's some background on caffeine as a drug.

    What is Caffeine?

    Caffeine is a naturally occurring substance, found in over 60 different plants and is a stimulant and mild diuretic. It is the most commonly used drug in the world as it is found in coffee, tea, chocolate (and chocolate based drinks) and many carbonated and energy drinks.

    Up until 2004 caffeine was on the prohibited substances list, with athletes being limited to a urine level below 12 micrograms per millilitre. This is equivalent to 6-8 cups of coffee (600-800mg). Performance enhancing effects have since been proven at a much lower intake, between 2-4 cups of coffee (200-400mg).

    WADA (World Anti-Doping Agency) are currently monitoring the usage of caffeine by athletes, as it has been suggested that since it was removed from the prohibited list, its use has dramatically increased. If this is the case, WADA must decide whether to reinstate the ban and if the permitted threshold should be lowered. Of course the other option is to put a complete ban on the use of caffeine, this would however be impossible due to caffeine staying in the system up to 48 hours. Therefore an athlete would not be able to have a cup of coffee or an energy drink within 48 hours of a competition. Random drug testing makes this even less feasible.

    Effects on Performance

    During periods of 30-120 minutes caffeine has been shown to produce the following benefits:

    Improved muscle contractability
    Increased time to exhaustion
    Improved concentration
    Enhanced alertness
    Reduced fatigue
    In the short-term (under 30 minutes) caffeine can have a detrimental effect on some aspects of performance, for example fine motor control and technique due to over-arousal.

    Side-Effects of Caffeine

    Abdominal pain
    Restlessness, anxiety & irritability
    High blood pressure
    Interference with recovery and sleep patterns
    Increased muscle tension
    "Even if you dance for your enemy on the rock, he will accuse you of splashing water on him." ~ African Proverb

  12. #57

    Re: The Sports Doping Thread

    Quote Originally Posted by Ti-Amie View Post
    for example fine motor control and technique due to over-arousal.
    Wait for it...

  13. #58

    Re: The Sports Doping Thread

    IMO caffeine is taking it too far. What next, theobromine? (chocolate) After all it's a caffeine related alkaloid...
    Meet again we do, old foe...

  14. #59

    Re: The Sports Doping Thread

    Indeed. If they want to spend the afternoon training at Starbucks or Juan Valdez, let them.
    Starry starry night

  15. #60

    Re: The Sports Doping Thread

    A devastating report from WADA on the status of testing in Russia. Thanks to Hilary Evans ‏@OlympicStatman

    Some highlights (or low lights if you will)

    Tampering with sample collection procedures

    • 1 Athletics athlete used a container inserted inside her body (presumably
    containing clean urine). When she tried to use the container it leaked onto
    the floor and not into the collection vessel. The athlete threw the container
    into the trash which was retrieved by the DCO. The athlete also tried to bribe
    the DCO. Eventually the athlete provided a sample which subsequently
    returned an Adverse Analytical Finding (AAF).

    Restricted access

    • DCOs intimidated when accessing military cities; armed FSB agents
    threatening DCOs with expulsion from the country.
    • Process to gain DCO access to military cities initiated in February 2016. On
    27 May 2016 RUSADA indicated that access had been granted but no official
    access documentation has been provided by the Ministry of Sport
    • Security staff creating significant delays for DCOs in entering venues and
    consistently monitored once inside (Race Walking in February and Wrestling
    in May)

    Restricted access cont.
    • Coaches, Doctors and venue staff insisting on taking photos of:
    • DCO accreditation cards
    • Doping Control Forms
    • Letter of authority (and generally challenging the authenticity of the letter)
    • At a boxing training camp (8 June), DCOs reported that officials initially
    refused to provide a list of athletes present and delayed the presentation of
    the list for 1 hour

    Restricted access cont.
    • National Championships for Olympic Sports including Olympic qualifiers held
    in cities with restricted access due to ongoing civil conflicts resulting in
    service providers declining test requests.
    • As a result the National Weightlifting and National Greco-Roman Wrestling
    Championships were not tested.

    ‘Analytical’ Laboratories operational at sporting event
    • Reports at one event (National Freestyle Wrestling Championships) of a
    laboratory present with centrifuge and other analytical equipment operating
    and athletes freely visiting

    Customs protocols

    • Number of examples of WADA Accredited Laboratories reporting that
    sample transportation packages have been opened by Russian Customs:
    • Sample bottles often not with corresponding chain of custody form
    • Airway bills not matching documentation
    • Suggests interference by Customs officials
    • All samples must pass through Moscow making transport time long and
    contributes to the lack of ability to collect blood samples

    Results Management

    • RUSADA still has 49 cases open – oldest from February 2015.
    • RUSADA not informing WADA of a case where a National Appeal Board
    reversed a 4 year ban citing WADA does not have the right to appeal (Boxing
    • National Federation rules not permitting appeals or recognizing the Russian
    Court of Arbitration. Some cases therefore not appealed.

    General Delays

    • Original agreement sent by UKAD to RUSADA on 22 December 2015 not signed until 20 January
    2016. Service provider contract initiated in December 2015 not signed until 15 February (the date
    testing commenced).
    • Any amendment requires new agreements and all parties to physically sign leading to further
    • RUSADA delays in payment to service providers had an adverse effect on the willingness to conduct
    testing. As a result over a 5 week period there was a significant reduction in testing conducted.
    • RUSADA still has not put in place an Athlete Management Passport Unit (APMU) contract, therefore
    no atypical passports are being reviewed. Initial contact with APMUs made on 9 March 2016.

    "Even if you dance for your enemy on the rock, he will accuse you of splashing water on him." ~ African Proverb

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